Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau's "Nosferatu - A Symphony of Horror" premiered in 1922 in the Marble Hall of the Zoological Gardens in Berlin and has long since become part of popular culture from horror films to the television series "The Simpsons." "Phantoms of the Night. 100 Years of Nosferatu" in the Scharf-Gerstenberg Collection is dedicated to the influence of the icon of German silent film on the visual arts.
"Nosferatu" was considered a key work by numerous artists, including Surrealists. Conversely, the film cannot be thought of without art historical models. The designs for the sets contain motifs reminiscent of Francisco de Goya's etchings, which have numerous counterparts in the fantastic art and literature of the early 20th century.
Borrowings from Caspar David Friedrich are just as recognizable as from Alfred Kubin, Stefan Eggeler, or Franz Sedlacek.