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A Dahlemer Street in National Socialism

The 1949 after Pope Pius XII. named Pacelliallee in Dahlem is still one of the boulevards in the southwest of Berlin. In the first third of the 20th century, numerous wealthy Berliners settled in the area of the former state domain of Dahlem and had magnificent houses and villas built on the land they had acquired.


From April 24th, an exhibition in the local history museum in Zehlendorf will trace the history of the avenue and its residents under National Socialism.

Triggered by discussions about renaming Pacelliallee, the history of the street came into focus in 2021. During the Nazi era, Cecilienallee, as it was called until 1949, was home to a large proportion of people who were defined as Jewish by the National Socialist racial laws and who were subsequently robbed, expelled or murdered. But also members of the resistance and supporters as well as followers of the National Socialist regime were at home in the avenue.

Following a decision by the BVV Steglitz-Zehlendorf, five students of the master's program "Holocaust Communication and Tolerance" at Touro University under the direction of Prof. Dr. Stephan Lehnstaedt about the former residents of Pacelliallee and developed proposals for a memorial concept in public space. The results of this work are presented in the exhibition conceived together with the Department of Culture Steglitz-Zehlendorf.

Using seven exemplary properties and their residents, the exhibition shows the juxtaposition of the persecuted and the perpetrators and encourages a discussion about commemoration in Pacelliallee.

The focus of the content is on the Cramer, Gemstone, Semmel and Wallach families affected by "Aryanization", their fate and the sometimes long struggle for restitution.