At the age of 15, Mozart composed the oratorio "La Betulia liberata", which is often described as a masterpiece. It shows what dramatic tension Mozart was able to create even at a young age. The Brandenburg State Orchestra under the direction of Takao Ukigaya opens the symphony concert "Mozart in Salzburg" in the Kulturhaus Stadtgarten in Neuruppin with the overture from this work.
The commission for "La Betulia liberata", which translates as "The Liberated Bethulia", was given to Mozart by Don Giuseppe Ximena of Padua, Prince of Aragon. Mozart traveled through Italy with his father Leopold in 1771 and stopped in Padua, where he composed this work. It tells the biblical story of Judith and Holofernes from the Bible's Book of Judith and consists of two acts with 16 arias, including solo and choral parts. The oratorio was never performed during Mozart's lifetime and is still one of the composer's rarely performed works.
The second piece in the concert program is the "Sinfonia concertante for violin and viola in E flat major" (KV 364), a composition by Mozart from 1779/80. In Neuruppin, the solo parts will be played by Stefan Hunger, deputy concertmaster of the Brandenburg State Orchestra, and Friedemann Slenczka, first solo violist of the Komische Oper Berlin. The work is characterized, among other things, by the way Mozart responds to the different solo instruments in the orchestra, with the viola being accompanied by low strings and the violin by high ones. The dialogue between the solo instruments continues between the violins and violas of the orchestra. This work is rarely performed in concerts.
After the break, the State Orchestra opens the second part of the concert with the Sinfonia in D major KV 196/121. The first two movements of this Sinfonia come from the overture to Mozart's opera "Gardener of Love" from 1774, while the third movement was composed separately in 1775.
The crowning conclusion of the concert is Symphony No. 25 in G minor. Mozart completed it in the fall of 1773, almost exactly 250 years ago. At that time, Mozart was only 17 years old and already the archbishop's concertmaster in Salzburg. In this symphony he gave expression to an astonishing range of emotional states and images. The first movement is characterized by dramatic excitement. After the abrupt final note, silence sets in, as if calm were to return after a passing storm. The second movement, on the other hand, is characterized by inner peace, followed by a slow return of passion in the third movement, accompanied by a kind of light street music from the wind instruments. The final movement is characterized by restlessness and shows huge bursts of energy, despair and hope.