the summit of the three victorious powers of the Second World War – the United
States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union – will have its 75th anniversary. At
the round table in the Cecilienhof Palace, the heads of state Truman, Churchill
(Attlee starting on 28/07/1945) and Stalin deliberated about the future of
Germany and a political and territorial reorganization of Europe and the
Im Neuen Garten14469Potsdam
The negotiations began on 17 July and ended on 2 August 1945 with
the “Communiqué on the Three Power Conference of Berlin”, which would later
enter into history as the “Potsdam Agreement”. The simultaneous onset of the
Cold War would lay the cornerstone for the subsequent division of Germany and
of the world. The dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6
and 9 August, to end the Pacific War, triggered the nuclear arms race of the
great powers in East and West. Decisions and agreements made in Potsdam
influence world politics up to today.
On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the Potsdam
Conference, the Prussian Palaces and Gardens Foundation
Berlin-Brandenburg (SPSG) is planning a special exhibition, from 1 May to 1
November 2020, at the site of the conference in the Cecilienhof Palace. In
addition to the presentation of the decisions and proceedings of the Potsdam
Conference, the view of those affected by the negotiations and decisions of the
conference participants will also be included in all parts of the exhibition.
The objective and non-ideological presentation of the far-reaching
geo-political decisions that were taken thus contrasts with emotionally
touching “interventions”: the personal voices of those affected.
contrast between the abstract decisions of the victorious powers and the
concrete experience of their consequences becomes apparent for the visitor for
the first time. Well-known historical figures like Churchill, Stalin and Truman
face off against the great many who remain nameless in history (victims of the
atomic bomb, expellees, collaborators, etc.).
A multi-perspectival way of
considering one and the same event becomes possible. Four major thematic areas form the substantive focal
1. Berlin Conference – Potsdam Conference: The “Big
2. On the Agenda: Europe’s New Order,
3. Off the Record: Asia and the Middle East,
4. Turning Point: The World After 1945
artefacts combined with multimedia elements will produce a lively and vivid
atmosphere and allow the visitor to travel back in time to 1945. In addition to
the historical palace rooms, including the conference hall and the work rooms
of the three heads of the delegations, for the first time the famous garden
terrace, where the “big three” were photographed for the press in their wicker
chairs, will also be included in the exhibition area.