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Discover the history of the Berlin Wall

The East Side Gallery is the longest surviving section of the Berlin Wall. In 1990, more than 100 artists from over 20 countries decorated this stretch of the hinterland wall with their art works. The most famous is undoubtedly the work known as the “Fraternal Kiss”, depicting a kiss between Russian leader Leonid Brezhnev and East Germany’s SED Party Chairman Erich Honecker.

But Potsdamer Platz, Checkpoint Charlie and the Brandenburg Gate are also key sites in the history of the Berlin Wall.

30 Years fall of the Wall

2019: Berlin celebrates 30 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall: The Wall fell on 9 November 1989. And that marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall - if that is no reason to celebrate, but also to commemorate. Numerous events and exhibitions are taking place in Berlin around the anniversary, for which it is definitely worth coming to Berlin. As early as 2014, the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall was duly celebrated with a light border on the former Wall strip. Let us surprise you with what Berlin has planned for this time:  

All events during the fall of the Wall anniversary

Traces of the Berlin Wall

Berlin was a divided city for nearly thirty years – a city with a wall running through its very heart. From 13 August 1961 until 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall divided the city into East and West Berlin.

Today, all across the city you can find traces of the Wall, its remains and memorial sites – the East Side Gallery, the Berlin Wall Memorial in Bernauer Strasse, the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial, a former Stasi remand prison, and the green Mauerpark.

The route of the Berlin Wall is even marked along some of Berlin’s streets by a double row of cobblestones.

The Berlin Wall Cycle Route also offers a great way to trace the route of the Wall by bike. The route crosses the city following the path of the Berlin Wall. The entire cycle route covers over 160 kilometres along the former GDR border encircling West Berlin.
 

Where the Wall once stood

From Potsdamer Platz to East Side Gallery

Berlin Wall
Former border at Berlin Wall Memorial
© visitBerlin, Foto: Dagmar Schwelle

The Berlin Wall Memorial

What was once the border strip is now a place of remembrance. The Berlin Wall memorial gives you a moving insight into the division of Berlin.

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"Bruderkuss" at East Side Gallery Berlin
© visitberlin, Foto: Philip Koschel

East Side Gallery

1.3 kilometres of amazement: take a walk along the East Side Gallery and rediscover art and the history of the Berlin Wall.

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tourists taking pictures at Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin
© visitBerlin, Foto: Artfully Media, Sven Christian Schramm

Checkpoint Charlie

From Octopussy to The Spy Who Can In From The Cold: the history of espionage in Berlin at Checkpoint Charlie.

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Palace of Tears Berlin at night
© Stiftung Haus der Geschichte, Foto: Axel Thünker

Tränenpalast

Parting tears. This is what the partition of Germany meant for many Berliners and their personal stories can be found in the Tränenpalast (Palace of Tears).

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Topographie des Terrors Frontside
© Bildwerk Stiftung Topographie des Terrors

Topography of Terror

Remembering terror and persecution – the documentation centre Topographie des Terrors is one of the most-visited places of remembrance in Berlin.

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Reichstag and Gouvernment buildings in Berlin
© iStock.com, Foto: savoia

The Parliament of Trees

16 federal states, 16 trees, one memorial site: the Parliament of Trees is an inconspicuous yet poignant symbol of German unity.

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Berlin Mauerpark by bike
© visitBerlin, Foto: Carsten Rasmus/KlaRas-Verlag

Mauerpark

Amble through the flea market, a drink from the off licence on the lawn and singing along to open air karaoke – your Sunday afternoon in Mauerpark.

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East Side Gallery

The East Side Gallery is the longest surviving section of the Berlin Wall. In 1990, more than 100 artists from over 20 countries decorated this stretch of the hinterland wall with their art works.

The most famous is undoubtedly the work known as the “Fraternal Kiss”, depicting a kiss between Russian leader Leonid Brezhnev and East Germany’s SED Party Chairman Erich Honecker.

But Potsdamer Platz, Checkpoint Charlie and the Brandenburg Gate are also key sites in the history of the Berlin Wall.

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The sights and attractions our visitors love

Discover the greatest places to visit from other visitors! Here, you can find tickets for the sights and attractions that our Berlin visitors love!

Our travel service offers the ideal way to enjoy a stress-free holiday in Berlin. Buy your tickets for the Berlin Wall tour, the GDR Museum and the Brandenburg Gate Museum easily and conveniently online here.

And it’s fast – so you can find the right ticket in just three minutes!

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The fall of the Berlin Wall

On the evening of 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall fell. It was a night when innumerable East and West Berliners made history.

They climbed over the concrete walls, crowded through the narrow border crossing points, went at the Berlin Wall with hammers, and retook their city in its entirety. The images of this historical event were shown around the world.

 

Today, almost 30 years on, Berlin is no longer a walled city, but a world city. Since those days, millions of visitors have come to Berlin, Germany’s capital city, to see this change for themselves.

What have the Berliners made of their city since 1989? A creative location, a lifestyle metropolis and a place where history happened.

The fall of the Wall left unused spaces in the urban landscape. Residents and visitors adopted these abandoned areas as creative spaces – from the art scene in Brunnenstraße to the Berlin start-ups at Moritzplatz – or simply enjoyed the new access to the River Spree.

The Berlin Wall: Museums, sites and memorials

In the night from 12 to 13 August 1961, the East German army began sealing off the streets and railway lines providing access to West Berlin. Then the East German regime erected a wall along the sector border.

The border encircling West Berlin was 167.8 kilometres long. In the years of the Berlin Wall, present research shows that between 136 and 206 people died trying to cross from East to West.

The Berlin Wall finally fell on 9 November 1989. The city recalls the victims of the division of Germany at many Berlin Wall sites, museums and memorial sites, such as the Tränenpalast (Palace of Tears), the Berlin Wall Memorial in Bernauer Strasse, and the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial, a former Stasi remand prison.

Fahrradtour an der East Side Gallery

Mauerradtour

Cycling along the remains of the Wall

See bike tour

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