Discover the history of the Berlin Wall
The East Side Gallery is the longest surviving section of the Berlin Wall. In 1990, more than 100 artists from over 20 countries decorated this stretch of the hinterland wall with their art works. The most famous is undoubtedly the work known as the “Fraternal Kiss”, depicting a kiss between Russian leader Leonid Brezhnev and East Germany’s SED Party Chairman Erich Honecker.
But Potsdamer Platz, Checkpoint Charlie and the Brandenburg Gate are also key sites in the history of the Berlin Wall. Visit the city on October third to eyewitness how Berlin celebrates the German Unity Day.
Traces of the Berlin Wall
Berlin was a divided city for nearly thirty years – a city with a wall running through its very heart. From 13 August 1961 until 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall divided the city into East and West Berlin.
Today, all across the city you can find traces of the Wall, its remains and memorial sites – the East Side Gallery, the Berlin Wall Memorial in Bernauer Strasse, the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial, a former Stasi remand prison, and the green Mauerpark. But the remains of the Berlin Wall can also be found in more remote places in Berlin-Spandau, in Berlin-Reinickendorf or at the Cathedral Cemetery.
The route of the Berlin Wall is even marked along some of Berlin’s streets by a double row of cobblestones.
The Berlin Wall Cycle Route also offers a great way to trace the route of the Wall by bike. The route crosses the city following the path of the Berlin Wall. The entire cycle route covers over 160 kilometres along the former GDR border encircling West Berlin.
The Berlin Wall MemorialWhat was once the border strip is now a place of remembrance. The Berlin Wall memorial gives you a moving insight into the division of Berlin.
East Side Gallery1.3 kilometres of amazement: take a walk along the East Side Gallery and rediscover art and the history of the Berlin Wall.
Checkpoint CharlieFrom Octopussy to The Spy Who Can In From The Cold: the history of espionage in Berlin at Checkpoint Charlie.
TränenpalastParting tears. This is what the partition of Germany meant for many Berliners and their personal stories can be found in the Tränenpalast (Palace of Tears).
The Parliament of Trees16 federal states, 16 trees, one memorial site: the Parliament of Trees is an inconspicuous yet poignant symbol of German unity.
White CrossesThe White Crosses Memorial is located on the Spree near the Reichstag building and stands as a memorial to those killed while trying to flee the GDR.
East Side Gallery
The East Side Gallery is the longest surviving section of the Berlin Wall. In 1990, more than 100 artists from over 20 countries decorated this stretch of the hinterland wall with their art works.
The most famous is undoubtedly the work known as the “Fraternal Kiss”, depicting a kiss between Russian leader Leonid Brezhnev and East Germany’s SED Party Chairman Erich Honecker.
You can find lots of information and pictures about the East Side Gallery and the Berlin Wall in museums and exhibitions. Visit The Wall Museum East Side Gallery or the Museum Die Mauer I The Wall. You can also find interactive productions on revolution, free space and borders in the exhibition Berlin Global at the Humboldt Forum.
We have compiled more information and inspiration for you in our wall blog.
The sights and attractions our visitors love
Discover the greatest places to visit from other visitors! Here, you can find tickets for the sights and attractions that our Berlin visitors love!
Our travel service offers the ideal way to enjoy a stress-free holiday in Berlin. Buy your tickets for the Berlin Wall tour, the GDR Museum and the Brandenburg Gate Museum easily and conveniently online here.
And it’s fast – so you can find the right ticket in just three minutes!
The Berlin Wall: Museums, sites and memorials
In the night from 12 to 13 August 1961, the East German army began sealing off the streets and railway lines providing access to West Berlin. Then the East German regime erected a wall along the sector border: The construction of the Berlin Wall begins!
The border encircling West Berlin was 167.8 kilometres long. During the numerous attempts in the years that followed to overcome the 167.8 kilometres of border fortifications, present research shows that between 136 and 206 people died trying to cross from East to West.
The Berlin Wall finally fell on 9 November 1989: The fall of the Berlin Wall went down in world history.. The city recalls the victims of the division of Germany at many Berlin Wall sites, museums and memorial sites, such as the Tränenpalast (Palace of Tears), the Berlin Wall Memorial in Bernauer Strasse, and the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial, a former Stasi remand prison.
Infographics: 30 Years of the Fall of the Wall
How the Wall came down, the Berlin Wall in figures and where you can still find remains of the Wall today - we show you all this in our infographics.
The fall of the Berlin Wall
On the evening of 9 November 1989, the Berlin Wall fell. It was a night when innumerable East and West Berliners made history.
They climbed over the concrete walls, crowded through the narrow border crossing points, went at the Berlin Wall with hammers, and retook their city in its entirety. The images of this historical event were shown around the world.
The fall of the Wall left unused spaces in the urban landscape. Residents and visitors adopted these abandoned areas as creative spaces – from the art scene in Brunnenstraße to the Berlin start-ups at Moritzplatz – or simply enjoyed the new access to the River Spree.
Today, more than 30 years on, Berlin is no longer a walled city, but a world city. Since those days, millions of visitors have come to Berlin, Germany’s capital city, to see this change for themselves. Visit Berlin around October 3rd to become part of the festivities and events to celebrate the Day of German unity.
What have Berliners made of their city since 1989? The past remains alive and tangible for everyone in the countless sites of history.
After the fall of the Wall, Berlin has also become a creative location, a lifestyle metropolis, with fantastic restaurants and countless shopping opportunities. It is also a modern hotspot for sustainability and for recreation in the countryside.
And Berlin is a destination for everyone: accessibility is written large in the German capital.
9 November 1989: The Berlin Wall comes down
On 9 November 1989 the Berlin Wall came down after more than 28 years. Follow the events that ultimately led to the fall of the Wall in our timeline. T
How did the people feel the night the Berlin wall fell?
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