This cycling tour begins at the citystay Hostel in Rosenstraße 16. From the hostel, cycle to your right through Rosenstraße until you come to the road "An der Spandauer Brücke". From there, turn right and follow the road until you arrive at the Hackescher Markt.
The Hackescher Markt is a very busy traffic hub, with S-Bahns, trams, buses, bicycles, cars and pedestrians all converging on the road. Straight ahead on the other side of the crossroads are the Hackesche Höfe, attractive residential courtyards that are typical of Berlin.
Cycle left over the square and continue straight on until you come to Burgstraße. Turn left and then immediately turn right. Cycle along Burgstraße until you come to the bridge over the Spree to your right. Cross the bridge over to the Museum Island. The street is now called Bodestraße.
The Museum Island is home to the world-famous Pergamonmuseum (Pergamon Museum), the Neues Museum (New Museum) with Nefertiti, the Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery), the Bode Museum and the Altes Museum (Old Museum). The museums, which have been named UNESCO World Heritage Sites, are always worth a visit. Continue straight on.
Cross the second bridge over the Spree and take an immediate right into "Am Kupfergraben". Across the river to your right you will see the museums on the Museum Island. Cycle to the tip of the island and turn right onto Monbijoubrücke (Monbijou Bridge). Continue straight ahead into Monbijoustraße.
Continue along Monbijoustraße until you come to Oranienburger Straße, where you will turn left. On the right-hand side of the street is the Neue Synagoge.
The Neue Synagoge (New Synagogue) was inaugurated in 1866 and was the largest Jewish place of worship in Germany. During the Night of Broken Glass, from 9–10 November 1938, a brave police officer prevented the synagogue from being set alight. The building was severely damaged by British bombs in November 1943. Today, the building houses the Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin – Centrum Judaicum (New Synagogue Berlin – Centrum Judaicum Foundation). Continue along Oranienstraße.
After a few minutes you will reach Friedrichstraße. Turn left and continue straight on. You will pass the Friedrichstadt-Palast on your left. Cross over the Spree once more. To your right you will see the Friedrichstraße S-Bahn station.
The Friedrichstraße station reflects the changing history of Berlin and Germany. During the years of German division, this was a primary border crossing for West Berliners visiting relatives in the East. The departure hall became known as the "Palace of Tears" and houses an interesting exhibition today. Continue along Friedrichstraße.
Unter den Linden
At the next major crossroads, turn right into the grand boulevard "Unter den Linden". This ceremonial road built in the 17th century and today is one of the most important streets in Berlin. Cycle straight on until you reach the Brandenburg Gate.
Insider Tip: Café Einstein
Enjoy a coffee at the Austrian-style coffeehouse Café Einstein at Unter den Linden 42, where you can frequently encounter well-known politicians.
The Brandenburg Gate with the Quadriga is one of the best known landmarks of Berlin. Once a symbol of the Cold War during the division of Germany, it now stands for German reunification. Cycle through the gate and then immediately turn left until you come to the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe.
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (Holocaust Memorial) is an impressive memorial in remembrance of the 6 million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. The full impact of the monument only becomes clear as you walk through the Field of Stelae. Stay on Ebertstraße until you come to Potsdamer Platz.
Potsdamer Platz is also a representation of Germany's eventful history. It was once the busiest traffic intersection in inter-war Europe and was almost completely destroyed in the final days of the Second World War. In the ensuing years, the square was almost forgotten as it was in the middle of the no-man's land between East and West Berlin. It was only rebuilt after German reunification. Continue along Stresemannstraße.
Turn left into Niederkirchnerstraße and continue into Zimmerstraße until you come to Friedrichstraße. Checkpoint Charlie, the famous border crossing for allies and diplomats, was located at this corner. On the corner you will find the Mauermuseum (Berlin Wall Museum). Continue along Zimmerstraße.
Turn left into Axel-Springer-Straße and cycle until you come to Spittelmarkt. From there, turn right and continue straight on until the road becomes Gertraudenstraße and then Mühlendamm. Cycle straight ahead.
At the pedestrian crossing of the next major crossroads, push your bike to the left across Mühlendamm - you will see the Nikolaiviertel, the oldest residential area in Berlin. However, the current development stems largely from the communist era, when the neighbourhood was rebuilt in the historic style. Continue along Poststraße into the Nikolaiviertel.
Turn right into Rathausstraße and then take a left at the next corner onto Spandauer Straße. To your right is Alexanderplatz. Cross Karl-Liebknecht-Straße and then stay on Spandauer Straße. Turn right into Anna-Louisa-Karsch-Straße and then right into Rosenstraße: you have reached your destination.