Erinnerungstätte Notaufnahmelager Marienfelde (Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum)

Erinnerungstätte Notaufnahmelager Marienfelde (Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum)

The ‘Gate to Freedom’ was the first point of call for refugees from the GDR, and is now a museum

Erinnerungsstätte Notaufnahmelager Marienfelde – © ENMAndreasTauber

Around 4 million people left the GDR between 1949 and 1990 in the direction of the Federal Republic – 1.35 million of these passed through the refugee camp in Berlin-Marienfelde, which was created in 1953. Here refugees found shelter and assistance, and underwent the necessary procedures to receive a residence permit for the Federal Republic and West Berlin. The refugee camp had a particularly high symbolic value as the ‘Gate to Freedom’ in the time up to 1961.

West German and West Berlin politicians visited Marienfelde to officially show their solidarity with the refugees from the East. For the GDR on the other hand, the camp was an ‘Object of the Enemy’, as it symbolised all the shortcomings of the eastern political system, which forced people out of their country in droves. Today, the original site of the camp houses a permanent exhibition focused on the causes, the history and results of the German-German refugee movement. Why would people decide to leave the GDR? How would they overcome the border controls, and how was the actual reception in the supposedly ‘Golden West’?

Infobox

Marienfelder Allee 66-80
12277 Berlin TEMPELHOF
Tel.: 030 – 75 00 84 00

infoatnotaufnahmelager-berlin [dot] de

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To: Marienfelder Allee 66-80
12277 Berlin

Free entry to the exhibition.

Tue - Sun10am - 6pm

Guided tours wed and sun 3pm

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